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Physics Education links

A level practicals     – https://garywilliamsblog.wordpress.com/physics-education-links/#Alevelprac
Teacher Training      – https://garywilliamsblog.wordpress.com/physics-education-links/#teachertraining
Teaching sequences  – https://garywilliamsblog.wordpress.com/physics-education-links/#teachingsequences

Mathematics and numeracy – https://garywilliamsblog.wordpress.com/physics-education-links/#mathsnum
Assessment           – https://garywilliamsblog.wordpress.com/physics-education-links/#assessment
Transit of Mercury   – https://garywilliamsblog.wordpress.com/physics-education-links/#transitmerc
Electric circuits – https://garywilliamsblog.wordpress.com/physics-education-links/#circuits

A Level Practicals – 2016

A list of papers that might be useful for the A level practicals introduced ~ 2016:


Teacher training

These papers mostly relate to the numbers of current physics teachers or in training:

Cawthorne, R. G. (1970). Teacher training for science and mathematics graduates. Physics Education, 5(1), 54–54. doi:10.1088/0031-9120/5/1/312 http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/0031-9120/5/1/312/meta

Chapman, B. R. (1971). An analysis of the educational process appropriate to the education of graduate physics teachers. Physics Education, 6(5), 376–381. doi:10.1088/0031-9120/6/5/311 http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/0031-9120/6/5/311/meta

Chapman, B. R. (1980). Supply of physics teachers–into the 1980s. Physics Education, 15(3), 136–143. doi:10.1088/0031-9120/15/3/303 http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/0031-9120/15/3/303/meta

Conroy, J. J. (1973). Teaching physics. Physics Education, 8(4), 292–292. doi:10.1088/0031-9120/8/4/315 http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/0031-9120/8/4/315/meta

Flowerday, P. L. (1972). The stock and supply of physicists. Physics Education, 7(5), 318–321. doi:10.1088/0031-9120/7/5/301 http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/0031-9120/7/5/301/meta

Fricker, H. S., & Gomersall, I. R. (1986). Why have physics teachers lost confidence in their subject? Physics Education, 21(5), 260–260. doi:10.1088/0031-9120/21/5/101 http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/0031-9120/21/5/101/meta

Greaves, C. (1971). Comparative survey of initial occupations of 1969 physics graduates. Physics Education, 6(1), 45–52. doi:10.1088/0031-9120/6/1/312 http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/0031-9120/6/1/312/meta

Greaves, C. (1972). Occupation of successful candidates in the 1969 graduateship examination of The Institute of Physics. Physics Education, 7(2), 115–116. doi:10.1088/0031-9120/7/2/314 http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/0031-9120/7/2/314/meta

Hooper, D. (1980). A national problem (shortage of teachers). Physics Education, 15(4), 217–219. doi:10.1088/0031-9120/15/4/003 http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/0031-9120/15/4/003/meta

Jaggar, T. F. B. (1970). Science teacher training. Physics Education, 5(5), 288–291. doi:10.1088/0031-9120/5/5/307 http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/0031-9120/5/5/307/meta

Keohane, K. W. (1977). Tomorrow’s teachers. Physics Education, 12(7), 397–397. doi:10.1088/0031-9120/12/7/001 http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/0031-9120/12/7/001/meta

Side, E. A. (1970). The shortage of mathematics and science teachers. Physics Education, 5(4), 236–237. doi:10.1088/0031-9120/5/4/311 http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/0031-9120/5/4/311/meta

Spear, M. (1982). Trainee physics teachers. Physics Education, 17(4), 149–149. doi:10.1088/0031-9120/17/4/103 http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/0031-9120/17/4/103/meta

Tawney, D. A. (1973). The preparation of physics teachers for secondary schools: the role of university physics departments. Physics Education, 8(6), 377–379. doi:10.1088/0031-9120/8/6/003 http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/0031-9120/8/6/003/meta

Wellington, J. (1986). The flight from physics teaching. Physics Education, 21(2), 103–106. doi:10.1088/0031-9120/21/2/007 http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/0031-9120/21/2/007/meta

Wellington, J. J. (1980). Recruiting physics teachers–12 years after Swann. Physics Education, 15(3), 134–135. doi:10.1088/0031-9120/15/3/302 http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/0031-9120/15/3/302/meta

Jennison, B. M. (1997). Physics Education: will it continue to exist? Physics Education, 32(4). doi:10.1088/0031-9120/32/4/003 http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/0031-9120/32/4/003/meta


Teaching Sequences

These papers relate to teaching sequences. This can be quite difficult to pick out as there tends to be an implicit sequence in the teaching of physics anyway. These papers are not as long term as a curriculum but should be more than a couple of concepts. Hopefully they suggest the sort of sequences that might help plan a scheme of work or a module. Leave a comment on the group forum if you find a paper that isn’t useful.

Angell, C. et al., 2008. An empirical-mathematical modelling approach to upper secondary physics. Physics Education, 43(3), pp.256–264. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/43/i=3/a=001?key=crossref.2e24353f925c6eb0ba4bd964d6521454 [Accessed March 24, 2016].

Anon, 1966. The integration of physics and chemistry teaching. Physics Education, 1(2), pp.129–133. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/1/i=2/a=412?key=crossref.9707df073d51511f77b3a547e3387d45 [Accessed March 17, 2016].

 Atkin, K., 2015. The teaching of mechanics: some criticisms, and suggestions for a rational approach. Physics Education, 50(1), pp.46–51. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/50/i=1/a=46?key=crossref.975b42ec5fda905236048a6f95f2f68b [Accessed March 2, 2016].

Barlow, R., 1992. Particle physics: from school to university. Physics Education, 27(2), pp.92–95. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/27/i=2/a=007?key=crossref.9852e838afcc055c2934540abc3ee3bd [Accessed March 30, 2016].

 Barr, J.R., 1966. Physics teaching in Scotland today: The Alternative Syllabus. Physics Education, 1(2), pp.97–103. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/1/i=2/a=305?key=crossref.ad6c5f64267a692d3072e5cfd332988c [Accessed March 17, 2016].

 Baxter, J., 1991. A constructivist approach to astronomy in the National Curriculum. Physics Education, 26(1), pp.38–45. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/26/i=1/a=007?key=crossref.a193a4103c0d13851ee3e7e25efc46b7 [Accessed March 30, 2016].

 Belham, N.D.N., 1966. How would you teach it? Acceleration = v 2 / r. Physics Education, 1(2), pp.87–88. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/1/i=2/a=303?key=crossref.a325286a6fd36a53ec9729b6d158c5f4 [Accessed March 17, 2016].

 Beynon, J., 1982. A reappraisal of geometrical optics. Physics Education, 17(2), pp.83–87. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/17/i=2/a=314?key=crossref.01dd5f6b10c20176d7e12e13f42c1e7b [Accessed April 4, 2016].

Binnie, A., 2004. Development of a senior physics syllabus in New South Wales. Physics Education, 39(6), pp.490–495. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/39/i=6/a=004?key=crossref.03c170215276fcfc8c32fdd3dc838335 [Accessed March 24, 2016].

 Black, P.J., 1993. Progression in physics in the National Curriculum. Physics Education, 28(6), pp.351–355. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/28/i=6/a=002?key=crossref.0f9aa639c936d45c16f88c1031cef940 [Accessed March 28, 2016].

Bolton, W., 1966. The teaching of core physics for the Ordinary National Certificate in Sciences. Physics Education, 1(3), pp.190–193. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/1/i=3/a=309?key=crossref.70ff16652f9d6955b9e9044550000c50 [Accessed March 17, 2016].

 Bondi, H., 1966. The teaching of special relativity. Physics Education, 1(4), pp.223–227. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/1/i=4/a=302?key=crossref.bf32d9272c62da0060fa42cbc779698f [Accessed March 17, 2016].

 Borghi, L. et al., 2005. A teaching–learning sequence on free fall motion. Physics Education, 40(3), pp.266–273. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/40/i=3/a=008?key=crossref.06cfe2c84a6997b5ddca069ab1d3607e [Accessed March 22, 2016].

 Borghi, L., Ambrosis, A. De & Mascheretti, P., 2003. Developing relevant teaching strategies during in-service training. Physics Education, 38(1), pp.41–46. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/38/i=1/a=307?key=crossref.4f432706325c3016afa90c51d7ed1215 [Accessed March 24, 2016].

 Brook, A.J. & Wells, P., 1988. Conserving the circus? An alternative approach to teaching and learning about energy. Physics Education, 23(2), pp.80–85. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/23/i=2/a=002?key=crossref.5dc3998f06aa228a6cc64adab961e197 [Accessed April 4, 2016].

 Brunt, M. & Brunt, G., 2013a. Introducing conservation of momentum. Physics Education, 48(5), pp.664–669. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/48/i=5/a=664?key=crossref.7d178246e9fdfb161f7213386a9ea16b [Accessed March 2, 2016].

 Brunt, M. & Brunt, G., 2013b. The Earth, the Moon and conservation of momentum. Physics Education, 48(6), pp.760–765. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/48/i=6/a=760?key=crossref.bfee84018e23e07cb0254c7d6ca0285f [Accessed March 2, 2016].

 Bryan, J.A. & Fennell, B.D., 2009. Wave modelling: a lesson illustrating the integration of mathematics, science and technology through multiple representations. Physics Education, 44(4), pp.403–410. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/44/i=4/a=010?key=crossref.9c2f03a2ccffd36300a2ef0569274737 [Accessed March 24, 2016].

 Caleon, I.S. & Subramaniam, R., 2007. From Pythagoras to Sauveur: tracing the history of ideas about the nature of sound. Physics Education, 42(2), pp.173–179. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/42/i=2/a=007?key=crossref.689ec7ec9932b777eeda269cd97acb43 [Accessed March 24, 2016].

 Carlton, K., 1999. Teaching electric current and electrical potential. Physics Education, 34(6), pp.341–345. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/34/i=6/a=401?key=crossref.6bb607a900022af92abc75f990287e6a [Accessed March 26, 2016].

 Chaundy, D.C.F., 1967. An experimental introduction to electromagnetic radiation. Physics Education, 2(2), pp.74–80. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/2/i=2/a=302?key=crossref.487322828c62da81f6ccc16cffb25a34 [Accessed March 17, 2016].

 Chisholm, D., 1992. Some energetic thoughts. Physics Education, 27(4), pp.215–220. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/27/i=4/a=009?key=crossref.14c769e3b133df8d9afdeabf0b38987b [Accessed March 30, 2016].

Cuppari, A. et al., 1997. Gradual introduction of some aspects of quantum mechanics in a high school curriculum. Physics Education, 32(5), pp.302–308. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/32/i=5/a=012?key=crossref.9c6b3df4a27368ddaa930a7ef2469541 [Accessed March 26, 2016].

 Dietz, E.R., 1992. Some pedagogical aspects of motional EMF. Physics Education, 27(2), pp.109–111. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/27/i=2/a=010?key=crossref.7d881cc549f74e989ca89472ffdcdbf1 [Accessed March 30, 2016].

 Dobson, K., Lawrence, I. & Britton, P., 2000. The A to B of quantum physics. Physics Education, 35(6), pp.400–405. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/35/i=6/a=304?key=crossref.cca668a21a00bf9eb8f368a15429a7b1 [Accessed March 26, 2016].

Emmett, K., Klaassen, K. & Eijkelhof, H., 2009. Introducing mechanics: II. Towards a justified choice between alternative theories of motion. Physics Education, 44(5), pp.492–498. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/44/i=5/a=007?key=crossref.73c5b19b97e66b3920dfadc794f62df1 [Accessed March 24, 2016].

Ericson, T.J., 1968a. The concepts of potential difference, voltage and E.M.F. I. Physics Education, 3(5), pp.238–241. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/3/i=5/a=001?key=crossref.48d61cd3a22cefd2f6901c6da41ce62b [Accessed April 11, 2016].

 Ericson, T.J., 1968b. The concepts of potential difference, voltage and e.m.f. II. Physics Education, 3(6), pp.294–297. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/3/i=6/a=001?key=crossref.cedcef2540edcd73734ffdff92f00209 [Accessed April 11, 2016].

 Espinoza, F., 2004. Enhancing mechanics learning through cognitively appropriate instruction. Physics Education, 39(2), pp.181–187. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/39/i=2/a=007?key=crossref.f98059158bd47ce47a81ac782670ebf7 [Accessed March 24, 2016].

 Farkas, N. & Ramsier, R.D., 2006. Projectile activity for the laboratory: a safe and inexpensive approach to several concepts. Physics Education, 41(2), pp.151–154. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/41/i=2/a=005?key=crossref.f976e89fe6eecd7b5aafb4249fe3d33d [Accessed March 24, 2016].

 Field, R.J., 1997. Physics 2000: a personal view. Physics Education, 32(2), pp.114–118. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/32/i=2/a=021?key=crossref.6409597fddc66b1964ebcd58360c6570 [Accessed March 27, 2016].

 Gianino, C., 2008. Energy levels and the de Broglie relationship for high school students. Physics Education, 43(4), pp.429–432. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/43/i=4/a=013?key=crossref.895c38d4ff2b45befc2f2a45a497fe8d [Accessed March 24, 2016].

 Hadzidaki, P., Kalkanis, G. & Stavrou, D., 2000. Quantum mechanics: a systemic component of the modern physics paradigm. Physics Education, 35(6), pp.386–392. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/35/i=6/a=302?key=crossref.5d88292028900a66898def67653be5cf [Accessed March 26, 2016].

 Hardman, M. & Riordan, J., 2014. How might educational research into children ’ s ideas about light be of use to teachers ? Physics Education, 644(6), pp.644–653. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/49/i=6/a=644?key=crossref.932154a557b1c29cfede70235ece95ab [Accessed March 2, 2016].

 Harrap, M.J., 1966. A-level electrostatics. Physics Education, 1(1), pp.46–51. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/1/i=1/a=309?key=crossref.232d0394fc71a199dfcc860c83724cca [Accessed March 17, 2016].

Hatzikraniotis, E. et al., 2010. Students’ design of experiments: an inquiry module on the conduction of heat. Physics Education, 45(4), pp.335–344. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/45/i=4/a=002?key=crossref.d358934957dff2108f00c2a59d6c701f [Accessed March 24, 2016].

 Henriksen, E.K. et al., 2014. Relativity , quantum physics and philosophy in the upper secondary curriculum : challenges , opportunities and. Physics Education, 49(6), pp.678–684. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/49/i=6/a=678?key=crossref.694ffde21ef0627da4784963373bfb67 [Accessed March 2, 2016].

 Hoekzema, D. et al., 2007. The particle/wave-in-a-box model in Dutch secondary schools. Physics Education, 42(4), pp.391–398. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/42/i=4/a=009?key=crossref.fe770e2b93a058c83fbac8fe1e203e6c [Accessed March 24, 2016].

 Ireson, G., 1996. Relativity at A-level: a looking glass approach. Physics Education, 31(6), pp.356–361. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/31/i=6/a=015?key=crossref.8b1dd36a8fd4b5e126db34c564558b6c [Accessed March 27, 2016].

 Ireson, G., 2000. The quantum understanding of pre-university physics students. Physics Education, 35(1), pp.15–21. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/35/i=1/a=302?key=crossref.427d5c132a3193c1a5e245923256e4a7 [Accessed March 26, 2016].

 Jarman, R. & McAleese, L., 1996. Physics for the star-gazer: pupils’ attitudes to astronomy in the Northern Ireland Science Curriculum. Physics Education, 31(4), pp.223–226. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/31/i=4/a=020?key=crossref.3fdd5225fa38170db89c8468a0b44c07 [Accessed March 27, 2016].

 Jones, D.G.C., 1991. Teaching modern physics-misconceptions of the photon that can damage understanding. Physics Education, 26(2), pp.93–98. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/26/i=2/a=002?key=crossref.d78173ae7547803b1b9aaea338e5e10a [Accessed March 30, 2016].

 Kettle, M., 2013. Flipped physics. Physics Education, 48(5), pp.593–596. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/48/i=5/a=593?key=crossref.c03dda4f1e1762e9a03b002b04013962 [Accessed March 2, 2016].

 Kincanon, E., 2013. How I teach the second law of thermodynamics. Physics Education, 48(4), pp.491–496. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/48/i=4/a=491?key=crossref.dfc64f617c96beb7a7b967b8e4b039ec [Accessed March 2, 2016].

 Kirkwood, V. & Carr, M., 1989. A valuable teaching approach: some insights from LISP (energy). Physics Education, 24(6), pp.332–334. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/24/i=6/a=002?key=crossref.8e17ff7d1dd85bced0a51123e7c70509 [Accessed April 4, 2016].

 Klaassen, K. et al., 2008. Introducing mechanics by tapping core causal knowledge. Physics Education, 43(4), pp.433–439. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/43/i=4/a=014?key=crossref.95e74449b0501353ec150624dc2bdb0e [Accessed March 24, 2016].

 Kohnle, A. et al., 2012. Problem-based labs and group projects in an introductory university physics course. Physics Education, 47(4), pp.476–481. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/47/i=4/a=476?key=crossref.f5fc379920ec1745b48d7a4d6402c57b [Accessed March 2, 2016].

 Lawrence, I., 1996. Quantum physics in school. Physics Education, 31(5), pp.278–286. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/31/i=5/a=016?key=crossref.94d609e7fd1d4115c1b359c4129c4f06 [Accessed March 27, 2016].

 Lawrence, I., 2008. Sounding off and lighting up. Physics Education, 43(1), pp.62–67. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/43/i=1/a=006?key=crossref.4496f9cb4ad1e1799af8c59ab5ce89a5 [Accessed March 24, 2016].

Lawrence, I., 2007. Teaching energy: thoughts from the SPT11–14 project. Physics Education, 42(4), pp.402–409. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/42/i=4/a=011?key=crossref.b184d6f835aa06d80ae42f95604fd64f [Accessed March 24, 2016].

 Licht, P., 1991. Teaching electrical energy, voltage and current: an alternative approach. Physics Education, 26(5), pp.272–277. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/26/i=5/a=003?key=crossref.a987cad56240e74882a4de3b2e44974a [Accessed March 30, 2016].

 Linder, C.J., 1992. Understanding sound: so what is the problem? Physics Education, 27(5), pp.258–264. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/27/i=5/a=004?key=crossref.9bfbae490227dfdd6b60fc2f2acb8fec [Accessed March 30, 2016].

Mace, W.K., 1971. The teaching of basic dynamics. Physics Education, 6(6), pp.426–431. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/6/i=6/a=004?key=crossref.5adb9b8a39174d9ea83e00500ace5823 [Accessed April 11, 2016].

 Martin, J.L., 1974. Quantum mechanics from the cradle? Physics Education, 9(7), pp.448–451. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/9/i=7/a=003?key=crossref.d8912aa851bbd86fcb0d24d9a6d5d0bd [Accessed April 6, 2016].

 Mashood, K.K. & Singh, V.A., 2013. Large-scale studies on the transferability of general problem-solving skills and the pedagogic potential of physics. Physics Education, 48(5), pp.629–635. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/48/i=5/a=629?key=crossref.8d0f99838a3045be9a9fe862df55becf [Accessed March 2, 2016].

 Michelini, M. et al., 2000. Proposal for quantum physics in secondary school. Physics Education, 35(6), pp.406–410. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/35/i=6/a=305?key=crossref.ef705a78ecca647bb60aad98cb783aa4 [Accessed March 26, 2016].

 Millar, R., Klaassen, K. & Eijkelhof, H., 1990. Teaching about radioactivity and ionising radiation: an alternative approach. Physics Education, 25(6), pp.338–342. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/25/i=6/a=310?key=crossref.3a2b8541a553f48dcb1a862e96d6addb [Accessed March 30, 2016].

 Millen, D.J., 1966. Changing the pattern of physics for chemists. Physics Education, 1(2), pp.123–127. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/1/i=2/a=310?key=crossref.3dd9dc91d1c358fd7d984f7af24c6fee [Accessed March 17, 2016].

 Mota, A.R. & Lopes dos Santos, J.M.B., 2014. Addition table of colours: additive and subtractive mixtures described using a single reasoning model. Physics Education, 49(1), pp.61–66. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/49/i=1/a=61?key=crossref.bb447b961366427264e223d6335471cc [Accessed March 2, 2016].

 Newton, L. & Rogers, L., 1996. Teaching physics at Advanced level: a question of style. Physics Education, 31(5), pp.265–270. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/31/i=5/a=014?key=crossref.6348571f58be2dfeeb2ea1d3f6fe7c79 [Accessed March 27, 2016].

 Noll, E.D., 2002. Teaching Kepler’s laws as more than empirical statements. Physics Education, 37(3), pp.245–250. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/37/i=3/a=309?key=crossref.bd29e0f566d0302bbe0c19cc6493f8dc [Accessed March 26, 2016].

 Ogborn, J., 1974. Introducing quantum physics. Physics Education, 9(7), pp.436–443. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/9/i=7/a=001?key=crossref.8b8ee5836da47fe12e7857ac6e2e7293 [Accessed April 6, 2016].

Ogborn, J., Collins, S. & Brown, M., 2003a. Randomness at the root of things 1: Random walks. Physics Education, 38(5), pp.391–397. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/38/i=5/a=302?key=crossref.9d30119d4946eca9702071c6551efdc1 [Accessed March 24, 2016].

 Ogborn, J., Collins, S. & Brown, M., 2003b. Randomness at the root of things 2: Poisson sequences. Physics Education, 38(5), pp.398–405. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/38/i=5/a=303?key=crossref.0d2273abb4cf166247bd01e543a767c5 [Accessed March 24, 2016].

 Oon, P.T. & Subramaniam, R., 2009a. The nature of light: I. A historical survey up to the pre-Planck era and implications for teaching. Physics Education, 44(4), pp.384–391. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/44/i=4/a=007?key=crossref.24772bd2d729eef7bc7a74b1fecf4ed3 [Accessed March 24, 2016].

 Oon, P.T. & Subramaniam, R., 2009b. The nature of light: II. A historical survey from the Planck era and implications for budding physicists. Physics Education, 44(4), pp.392–397. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/44/i=4/a=008?key=crossref.dea056e1cb9e4f136c46d0bda3426acc [Accessed March 24, 2016].

 Pantano, O. & Talas, S., 2010. Physics thematic paths: laboratorial activities and historical scientific instruments. Physics Education, 45(2), pp.140–146. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/45/i=2/a=002?key=crossref.993104e14cf5746d2f0c0cc8def27819 [Accessed March 3, 2016].

 Pimbblet, K.A. & Newman, J.C., 2003. Ex-nihilo II: examination syllabi and the sequencing of cosmology education. Physics Education, 38(3), pp.243–247. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/38/i=3/a=307?key=crossref.a0a95113de49ef4884012b685c3c7dcd [Accessed March 24, 2016].

 Prasitpong, S., Chitaree, R. & Rakkapao, S., 2010. Studying the frictional force directions via bristles. Physics Education, 45(6), pp.602–610. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/45/i=6/a=004?key=crossref.583f571e50f2a40cbf19c7ed173071e3 [Accessed March 24, 2016].

 Radovanović, J. & Sliško, J., 2013. Applying a predict–observe–explain sequence in teaching of buoyant force. Physics Education, 48(1), pp.28–34. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/48/i=1/a=28?key=crossref.e47e9108eb991381263acc20f2692319 [Accessed March 2, 2016].

 Ratcliffe, C.P., 1992. A consistent and understandable method of teaching Newton’s Laws of Motion for the solution of rigid-body problems. Physics Education, 27(6), pp.327–332. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/27/i=6/a=010?key=crossref.45aba42a2804e61ad76497830b98d3c3 [Accessed March 30, 2016].

 Roche, J., 2002. Introducing simple harmonic motion. Physics Education, 37(6), pp.497–506. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/37/i=6/a=306?key=crossref.ce4dd70cfd0cd302166081f3712dc42f [Accessed March 26, 2016].

 Ronen, M. & Eylon, B.-S., 1993. To see or not to see: the eye in geometrical optics – when and how? Physics Education, 28(1), pp.52–59. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/28/i=1/a=010?key=crossref.b060528b51fe7700f71561d15787fa7e [Accessed March 28, 2016].

 Rosser, W.G. V, 1979. Recent changes in the teaching of special relativity. Physics Education, 14(4), pp.213–216. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/14/i=4/a=001?key=crossref.86fc6dd46e28f313463aaa0f11bfdf72 [Accessed April 5, 2016].

 Santana, A., Rodríguez, Y. & Gómez, E.A., 2012. Construction of ray diagrams in geometrical optics: a media-focused approach. Physics Education, 47(6), pp.715–720. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/47/i=6/a=715?key=crossref.02c982f50c8887da07e905c1cae33a6a [Accessed March 2, 2016].

Saridan, W.M., 1992. An approach to teaching the equation of a travelling wave. Physics Education, 27(1), pp.39–41. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/27/i=1/a=011?key=crossref.cccc27232bd660e0614ef1363d9a7ac7 [Accessed March 30, 2016].

Savinainen, A. et al., 2013. Teaching and evaluation materials utilizing multiple representations in mechanics. Physics Education, 48(3), pp.372–377. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/48/i=3/a=372?key=crossref.2aee627c945988493ba35ac7595c8c9a [Accessed March 2, 2016].

 Savinainen, A. & Scott, P., 2002. Using the Force Concept Inventory to monitor student learning and to plan teaching. Physics Education, 37(1), pp.53–58. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/37/i=1/a=307?key=crossref.32aee8ac8a22bc7d2cddf70f3d323f48 [Accessed March 26, 2016].

 Stavrou, D., Duit, R. & Komorek, M., 2008. A teaching and learning sequence about the interplay of chance and determinism in nonlinear systems. Physics Education, 43(4), pp.417–422. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/43/i=4/a=011?key=crossref.f88bbc10886f28add4609b917fcb79e1 [Accessed March 24, 2016].

Stinner, A., 1994. Providing a contextual base and a theoretical structure to guide the teaching of high school physics. Physics Education, 29(6), pp.375–381. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/29/i=6/a=007?key=crossref.55d1bb2b20a0c24daf1987ee93590d0c [Accessed March 28, 2016].

 Swinbank, E., 1992. Particle physics: a new course for schools and colleges. Physics Education, 27(2), pp.87–91. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/27/i=2/a=006?key=crossref.ee2f937b068829223b2f0321c606d282 [Accessed March 30, 2016].

 Taber, K.S., 2000. Finding the optimum level of simplification: the case of teaching about heat and temperature. Physics Education, 35(5), pp.320–325. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/35/i=5/a=301?key=crossref.b55eaa36096c456fc06b584ebaa2fdd6 [Accessed March 26, 2016].

 Taber, K.S., 2009. Maths should be the last thing we teach. Physics Education, 44(4), pp.336–338. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/44/i=4/a=F01?key=crossref.20e5948bd7d281a95f5317cb473993f1 [Accessed March 24, 2016].

 Taber, K.S., 2011. Patterns in nature: challenging secondary students to learn about physical laws. Physics Education, 46(1), pp.80–89. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/46/i=1/a=010?key=crossref.9801acac58b8f03f7cab730273b71a4e [Accessed March 2, 2016].

 Taber, K.S., Trafford, T. de & Quail, T., 2006. Conceptual resources for constructing the concepts of electricity: the role of models, analogies and imagination. Physics Education, 41(2), pp.155–160. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/41/i=2/a=006?key=crossref.3dff2cac1a73fd2e6201be5f073c5a7f [Accessed March 24, 2016].

 Tabor, D., 1975. Macroscopic properties and interatomic forces. Physics Education, 10(7), pp.487–490. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/10/i=7/a=001?key=crossref.571a176e807a31a4c857491f0ac13dbc [Accessed April 6, 2016].

 Tabor-Morris, A.E. et al., 2009. City of physics—analogies to increase cognitive coherence in physics learning. Physics Education, 44(2), pp.195–198. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/44/i=2/a=013?key=crossref.977453119029acfd42be372b56d87928 [Accessed March 24, 2016].

 Testa, I. et al., 2011. An innovative context-based module to introduce students to the optical properties of materials. Physics Education, 46(2), pp.167–177. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/46/i=2/a=004?key=crossref.863bd12d85b0fdf0fa540325dc10f758 [Accessed March 2, 2016].

 Thomaz, M.F. et al., 1995. An attempt to overcome alternative conceptions related to heat and temperature. Physics Education, 30(1), pp.19–26. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/30/i=1/a=004?key=crossref.8331f745a84945bd36424cf31763e2ea [Accessed March 24, 2016].

 Trumper, R. & Gorsky, P., 1996. A cross-college age study about physics students’ conceptions of force in pre-service training for high school teachers. Physics Education, 31(4), pp.227–236. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/31/i=4/a=021?key=crossref.b875211ae6872405b8c16af52f869d59 [Accessed March 27, 2016].

 Viennot, L., 2006. Teaching rituals and students’ intellectual satisfaction. Physics Education, 41(5), pp.400–408. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/41/i=5/a=004?key=crossref.c78dd95a71b8f1afa14fc77c7d0ae2db [Accessed March 24, 2016].

 Waltner, C. et al., 2011. How iron becomes magnetized—the introduction of a model of ferromagnetism in secondary school physics. Physics Education, 46(3), pp.259–264. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/46/i=3/a=001?key=crossref.ea7c5d42a597614dba5f0cf27d51fa44 [Accessed March 2, 2016].

 Warren, J.W., 1986. At what stage should energy be taught? Physics Education, 21(3), pp.154–156. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/21/i=3/a=307?key=crossref.1f719ed59f10295b91f1c71050938fb2 [Accessed April 4, 2016].

 Warren, J.W., 1967. Thermodynamics. Physics Education, 2(1), pp.29–34. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/2/i=1/a=305?key=crossref.da9546323a108e406dced474c7bf58d9 [Accessed March 17, 2016].

 Williams, G. & Reeves, T., 2003. Another go at energy. Physics Education, 38(2), pp.150–155. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/38/i=2/a=307?key=crossref.181ae6b65186083f02bb234835c8d453 [Accessed March 26, 2016].

 Woodall, A.J., 1967. Science history. Physics Education, 2(6), pp.297–305. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/2/i=6/a=301?key=crossref.9409d52f3ca1de30fe1f85589a6b5933 [Accessed March 17, 2016].


Mathematics and numeracy

Beare, R. & New, P.J., 1977. Programmable calculators for elementary physics teaching. Physics Education, 12(7), pp.424–426. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/12/i=7/a=014?key=crossref.9d623197f243afc808c51cad39a10b44 [Accessed April 12, 2016].

Belsom, C.G.H. & Elton, L.R.B., 1974. The effect of syllabus on mathematical knowledge. Physics Education, 9(7), pp.462–463. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/9/i=7/a=006?key=crossref.49a677736dfd655944a762ed88442784 [Accessed April 12, 2016].

Burge, E.J., 1971. How to tackle numerical problems in physics. Physics Education, 6(4), pp.233–237. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/6/i=4/a=003?key=crossref.54b4c2fba7a957d5a212a022eb29565c [Accessed April 12, 2016].

Burghes, D.N. & Borrie, M.S., 1979. Mathematical modelling: a new approach to teaching applied mathematics. Physics Education, 14(2), pp.82–86. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/14/i=2/a=306?key=crossref.da773ca7e71306d2ce43a1843101ebee [Accessed April 12, 2016].

Chambers, R.G., 1971. The fitting of straight lines. Physics Education, 6(2), pp.101–108. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/6/i=2/a=308?key=crossref.ca6ab9459e87229572306c988701eecd [Accessed April 12, 2016].

Clark, P.M., Walton, A.J. & Millington, A.J., 1974. Playing at statistical mechanics. I. The Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution. Physics Education, 9(4), pp.234–241. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/9/i=4/a=003?key=crossref.67ec418a8b2b12472c7c901cb836e790 [Accessed April 12, 2016].

Clark, P.M., Walton, A.J. & Millington, A.J., 1974. Playing at statistical mechanics. Physics Education, 9(5), pp.301–304. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/9/i=5/a=302?key=crossref.b23956a824e94212bcb6df8d7dce3834 [Accessed April 12, 2016].

Cooke, C., 1974. The fitting of straight lines by the method of least squares. Physics Education, 9(5), pp.321–323. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/9/i=5/a=307?key=crossref.aee2cb6554c10bf8b248d9e5d7d280bd [Accessed April 12, 2016].

Cooke, C., 1984. Is the normal distribution normal? Physics Education, 19(6), pp.305–307. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/19/i=6/a=316?key=crossref.06bffb0075e19f37815ccf76ebf82252 [Accessed April 12, 2016].

Danson, R., 1982. Mathematical skills. Physics Education, 17(2), pp.57–57. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/17/i=2/a=107?key=crossref.a182907309ec0e615cc4c487fb29a846 [Accessed April 12, 2016].

Davies, B., 1978. Mathematical models in oscillation theory (for teachers). Physics Education, 13(5), pp.282–286. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/13/i=5/a=003?key=crossref.9bf92ac967374511c7166b7c8823b221 [Accessed April 12, 2016].

Deeson, E., 1974. The electronic calculator. Physics Education, 9(6), pp.419–421. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/9/i=6/a=311?key=crossref.d058387aaca2bb5c958833b473895937 [Accessed April 12, 2016].

Gamble, R., 1986. Proportionality and quantitative relationships in physics. Physics Education, 21(6), pp.354–359. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/21/i=6/a=003?key=crossref.c84debbcdb613d5c94de57331d516625 [Accessed April 12, 2016].

George, S., 1974. Basic mathematics background of students in the one year non-calculus physics course in the USA. Physics Education, 9(5), pp.350–352. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/9/i=5/a=314?key=crossref.505a4a1a809f811fd97388579bc755a9 [Accessed April 12, 2016].

Goldsmith, C.C., 1972. The SMP sixth form mathematics course. Physics Education, 7(2), pp.82–84. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/7/i=2/a=306?key=crossref.63ed2f6d87956e8188475566a12682ca [Accessed April 12, 2016].

Goodier, J., 1973. New mathematics and physics. Physics Education, 8(4), pp.239–240. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/8/i=4/a=001?key=crossref.433aeaf7f0e90467b34b531b774f600c [Accessed April 12, 2016].

Goodier, J., 1971. Physics and modern mathematics. Physics Education, 6(4), pp.242–242. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/6/i=4/a=312?key=crossref.b0c46d1758a5d7e0e71e41bd36606d25 [Accessed April 12, 2016].

Gough, W., 1977. The use of mnemonics in mathematics and physics. Physics Education, 12(6), pp.385–386. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/12/i=6/a=316?key=crossref.72bd7982f03e7ec82a989c6feda25f82 [Accessed April 12, 2016].

Haber-Schaim, U., 1975. Mathematics in the pre-service education of science teachers. Physics Education, 10(5), pp.354–356. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/10/i=5/a=004?key=crossref.52bb9c8a9a0b886405e7cd0256f2a69e [Accessed April 12, 2016].

Hately, M.C., 1974. A circle approach to the simple trigonometrical ratios and AC theory. Physics Education, 9(5), pp.308–310. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/9/i=5/a=304?key=crossref.1bdc6eaafd8dcc48c5dc4c0ed4d6dc91 [Accessed April 12, 2016].

Hersee, J., 1972. Mathematics in Education and Industry: A level syllabuses. Physics Education, 7(2), pp.80–81. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/7/i=2/a=305?key=crossref.1f26f430267f04dfa05c0a7b5371ccc4 [Accessed April 12, 2016].

Hickman, F.R., 1986. Mathematical modelling in physics. Physics Education, 21(3), pp.173–180. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/21/i=3/a=311?key=crossref.93647f79c3f5f3e105d306ea2bde4555 [Accessed April 12, 2016].

Howson, A.G., 1967. Changes in school mathematics. Physics Education, 2(1), pp.23–28. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/2/i=1/a=304?key=crossref.ab40aa369f5147dd2e76a8046d7a9c79 [Accessed April 12, 2016].

James, C., 1969. Rapid methods for analysing errors in straight line graphs. Physics Education, 4(3), pp.151–154. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/4/i=3/a=306?key=crossref.ad86eb236d7ff7f353c28067de5dee1e [Accessed April 12, 2016].

James, C., 1969. Analysis of rapid methods for fitting straight line graphs. Physics Education, 4(2), pp.101–105. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/4/i=2/a=002?key=crossref.86938d7cd393250f2cce649e7f157333 [Accessed April 12, 2016].

James, C., 1973. A procedure for determining the separation of nominally equispaced variables. Physics Education, 8(4), pp.281–282. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/8/i=4/a=012?key=crossref.e96f9fafd0fc74dca548249b4fdf2321 [Accessed April 12, 2016].

James, C., 1967. The importance of weighting in straight line graphs obtained by changing the variable. Physics Education, 2(4), pp.214–215. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/2/i=4/a=311?key=crossref.cd589ffb3cf30b6d1611f36049b900bc [Accessed April 12, 2016].

Lenz, J., 1979. An alternative method for solving the elementary equation for damped oscillation (teaching). Physics Education, 14(1), pp.45–47. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/14/i=1/a=006?key=crossref.a26ebdd3992c929f77039ac9fca66f14 [Accessed April 12, 2016].

Lowndes, P.A. & Lafferty, P.E., 1971. The teaching of mathematics in relation to the teaching of physics. Physics Education, 6(6), pp.423–423. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/6/i=6/a=308?key=crossref.b1236398db35baf37098ad85edd168ae [Accessed April 12, 2016].

Lyon, A.J., 1980. Rapid statistical methods: part 2a–error estimates. Physics Education, 15(5), pp.280–285. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/15/i=5/a=305?key=crossref.fae51059bed079c23f6254958d481f10 [Accessed April 12, 2016].

Lyon, A.J., 1981. Rapid statistical methods: part 2b — the straight line. Physics Education, 16(2), pp.77–82. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/16/i=2/a=304?key=crossref.8d9fcd6c58efc9bc0db661b21468c17e [Accessed April 12, 2016].

Malvern, D., 1975. Synchronizing mathematics and physics in the sixth form. Physics Education, 10(5), pp.344–349. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/10/i=5/a=002?key=crossref.7e921411f97c4e13b59d80aca1954f3d [Accessed April 12, 2016].

Oke, K.H. & Jones, A.L., 1982. Mathematical modelling in physics and engineering. II. Physics Education, 17(6), pp.271–273. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/17/i=6/a=002?key=crossref.06aa51c2d6b0333319d20aae0d59fba3 [Accessed April 12, 2016].

Oke, K.H. & Jones, A.L., 1982. Mathematical modelling in physics and engineering – part 1. Physics Education, 17(5), pp.220–223. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/17/i=5/a=306?key=crossref.1d8ab60a1050866af3b993cb568f72a8 [Accessed April 12, 2016].

Ormell, C., 1975. Towards a naturalistic mathematics in the sixth form. Physics Education, 10(5), pp.349–354. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/10/i=5/a=003?key=crossref.de9ea60625f624d5fcb68c1079e97487 [Accessed April 12, 2016].

Osborne, J.M., 1974. The pocket calculator in school physics. Physics Education, 9(6), pp.414–419. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/9/i=6/a=310?key=crossref.5015ac336ed0d3ee5e36bba41331f4c6 [Accessed April 12, 2016].

Richards, D.A., 1973. Graphical linear interpolation. Physics Education, 8(5), pp.332–332. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/8/i=5/a=008?key=crossref.ca0e4113a2918c8987b67435a4c830b5 [Accessed April 12, 2016].

Richards, M.J., 1971. An ABC of dimensional analysis. Physics Education, 6(4), pp.244–249. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/6/i=4/a=314?key=crossref.4233402c9053f26e68b55e42f0bc5b6c [Accessed April 12, 2016].

Rimer, J.G., 1971. Modern mathematics and the teaching of chemistry. Physics Education, 6(4), pp.242–243. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/6/i=4/a=313?key=crossref.0e8c115a3cd058569d86aef69d6f44a4 [Accessed April 12, 2016].

Schofield, R. & Winter, C.F., 1975. Physics and mathematics in the sixth form. Physics Education, 10(5), pp.341–344. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/10/i=5/a=001?key=crossref.1b430112ae4c5908546d61ce69f94cf5 [Accessed April 12, 2016].

Summers, M.K., 1978. Programmable calculators as an aid in physics teaching. Physics Education, 13(4), pp.246–250. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/13/i=4/a=009?key=crossref.9d2faa45e9693f10d684a585898a0fbd [Accessed April 12, 2016].

Tomes, D., 1972. Physics and mathematics. Physics Education, 7(2), pp.78–79. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/7/i=2/a=004?key=crossref.17a420a0e8840f90c9dfe4f3b27a96c3 [Accessed April 12, 2016].

Waks, S., 1988. Mathematics and electronics – the conceptual transfer problem. Physics Education, 23(4), pp.234–238. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/23/i=4/a=312?key=crossref.c2332f7ade1d6f5022d753ab98cb4b36 [Accessed April 12, 2016].

Warren, J.W., 1971. Thinking quantitatively. Physics Education, 6(4), pp.238–241. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/6/i=4/a=311?key=crossref.2cb7987ad21780ffd47596b649aa3e03 [Accessed April 12, 2016].

Woolnough, B., 1975. The mathematics-physics interface in schools. Physics Education, 10(2), pp.90–92. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/10/i=2/a=009?key=crossref.be6d37f83e08f1f827d72b67be846d38 [Accessed April 12, 2016].

Young, P.A., 1978. Simple derivation of the linear least-squares equations. Physics Education, 13(2), pp.123–124. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/13/i=2/a=011?key=crossref.7c3269f34e58f07c01739ae1bfb23242 [Accessed April 12, 2016].

Zachary, D., 1989. Teaching, learning and using mathematical models in physics. Physics Education, 24(6), pp.339–343. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/24/i=6/a=004?key=crossref.11cdc6626670ab89151ffdee913c43cc [Accessed April 12, 2016].

Anon, 1973. The mathematical needs of A level physics students. Physics Education, 8(4), pp.241–246. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/8/i=4/a=002?key=crossref.23b781fbff7e77bc5b279cd0a3dbfcd9 [Accessed April 12, 2016].

Adie, G., 1998. The impact of the graphics calculator on physics teaching. Physics Education, 33(1), pp.50–54. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/33/i=1/a=022?key=crossref.bd8db3919696a14cb1e2377377cc2c90 [Accessed April 14, 2016].

Atkin, K., 2013. Energy transfer and a recurring mathematical function. Physics Education, 48(5), pp.616–620. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/48/i=5/a=616?key=crossref.5e35e8aaaaa7d01b72b291e498fe07da [Accessed April 15, 2016].

Bagno, E., Berger, H. & Eylon, B.-S., 2008. Meeting the challenge of students’ understanding of formulae in high-school physics: a learning tool. Physics Education, 43(1), pp.75–82. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/43/i=1/a=008?key=crossref.5e0aba23e017d02e3a408d9fd8de91b2 [Accessed April 15, 2016].

Barham, P.J., 2012. An analysis of the changes in ability and knowledge of students taking A-level physics and mathematics over a 35 year period. Physics Education, 47(2), pp.162–168. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/47/i=2/a=162?key=crossref.3a2327a827016faeb7fd372283d1dc90 [Accessed April 15, 2016].

Barnes, H., 2000. Plotting for success – or running away with graphs. Physics Education, 35(5), pp.339–342. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/35/i=5/a=304?key=crossref.51bcb656424a46cb55a54fef2deefde8 [Accessed April 14, 2016].

Barton, R., 1998. Why do we ask pupils to plot graphs? Physics Education, 33(6), pp.366–367. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/33/i=6/a=016?key=crossref.436f01926d9de174aa42f1650f59905f [Accessed April 14, 2016].

Casazza, M. & Piano, A., 2011. The statistical approach to entropy. Physics Education, 46(3), pp.257–258. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/46/i=3/a=F09?key=crossref.9089619fb0af1fd3b1e8bad6c4524763 [Accessed April 15, 2016].

Gill, P., 1999. The physics/maths problem again. Physics Education, 34(2), pp.83–87. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/34/i=2/a=018?key=crossref.4d7e91ab3b6b8a59fbf30ef54ebe08cf [Accessed April 14, 2016].

Hechter, R.P., 2010. What does “I understand the equation” really mean? Physics Education, 45(2), pp.132–133. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/45/i=2/a=F01?key=crossref.a3085dc5d97cc83db461b4c293d26f3f [Accessed April 15, 2016].

Jones, J.C., 2013. Numerical exercises in tree carbon-dioxide uptake. Physics Education, 48(1), pp.11–12. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/48/i=1/a=F02?key=crossref.e3f2610050f3d9294326db56936a4a00 [Accessed April 15, 2016].

Jones, S., 2006. Bouncing playing cards help to explain exponential relationship. Physics Education, 41(6), pp.486–486. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/41/i=6/a=F03?key=crossref.6c73821c74672103fc4e5d4781753627 [Accessed April 15, 2016].

Khavrus, V. & Shelevytsky, I., 2012. Geometry and the physics of seasons. Physics Education, 47(6), pp.680–692. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/47/i=6/a=680?key=crossref.124fcc61c89ac96764fc5e679d477145 [Accessed April 15, 2016].

Kibble, B., 1999. How do you approach a physics problem? Physics Education, 34(1), pp.16–18. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/34/i=1/a=014?key=crossref.158f554e8248e39e5d0c4e4e7646f7ec [Accessed April 14, 2016].

Lambourne, R.J.A. & Tinker, M.H., 1993. The Flexible Learning Approach to Physics: FLAP. Physics Education, 28(5), pp.311–316. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/28/i=5/a=012?key=crossref.6e4c5e14b06706e64f84ae43061b524e [Accessed April 14, 2016].

Lavaly, A.K., 1990. Do students find physics easier to learn without mathematical problems? Physics Education, 25(4), pp.202–204. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/25/i=4/a=305?key=crossref.5177d033204554aec10ebb859433d460 [Accessed April 14, 2016].

Lawrence, I., 2004. Modelling simply, without algebra: beyond the spreadsheet. Physics Education, 39(3), pp.281–288. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/39/i=3/a=005?key=crossref.44d6206816cb06e5739d4e8fdd29341f [Accessed April 14, 2016].

Marks, K., 1999. Maths in a Box video: Take-off – moving bodies with constant mass. Physics Education, 34(5), pp.330–330. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/34/i=5/a=705?key=crossref.cc9dde238f724f91ca6e6909bab28b45 [Accessed April 14, 2016].

Marshall, R., 2013. Numerical exercises in tree carbon-dioxide uptake (2). Physics Education, 48(4), pp.426–426. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/48/i=4/a=F03?key=crossref.eebc39815d03162e164138372a47e489 [Accessed April 15, 2016].

Michelsen, C., 2015. Mathematical modeling is also physics—interdisciplinary teaching between mathematics and physics in Danish upper secondary education. Physics Education, 50(4), pp.489–494. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/50/i=4/a=489?key=crossref.21c236ba1aee1fb4b13083af112bbf2e [Accessed April 16, 2016].

Monk, M., 1994. Mathematics in physics education: a case of more haste less speed. Physics Education, 29(4), pp.209–211. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/29/i=4/a=005?key=crossref.0c3d8870d1521524965ae41ef3b4c8fb [Accessed April 14, 2016].

Moore, G.S.M., 1990. Getting to grips with mathematically tricky electric, magnetic and electromagnetic fields. Physics Education, 25(2), pp.97–101. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/25/i=2/a=004?key=crossref.04a631afa6e7228bb54113ec621d6391 [Accessed April 14, 2016].

Mungan, C.E., 2006. Introducing the exponential function. Physics Education, 41(5), pp.373–374. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/41/i=5/a=F03?key=crossref.aa69bda397f68947f705640ca599515f [Accessed April 15, 2016].

Murdin, P., 1991. The Great Attractor: at the limits of Hubble’s Law of the expanding Universe. Physics Education, 26(6), pp.374–379. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/26/i=6/a=007?key=crossref.9513904b99fc147c48e1f37f9238a36e [Accessed April 14, 2016].

Murray, A. & Hart, I., 2012. The “radioactive dice” experiment: why is the “half-life” slightly wrong? Physics Education, 47(2), pp.197–201. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/47/i=2/a=197?key=crossref.c1dc620858c1c2e047d9e5263a44bd9f [Accessed April 15, 2016].

Newburgh, R., 2002. The binomial expansion: an overlooked tool in beginning physics. Physics Education, 37(6), pp.538–540. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/37/i=6/a=407?key=crossref.4639fa3c3d6171b97c56ed3b8588e350 [Accessed April 14, 2016].

Newburgh, R., 2001. An experiment to give physical meaning to the mathematical concept of slope. Physics Education, 36(4), pp.316–319. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/36/i=4/a=306?key=crossref.09c3e1a727e97d2d9ff7c26b1305b496 [Accessed April 14, 2016].

Newburgh, R., 1997. Analysis, graphs, approximations: a toolbox for solving problems. Physics Education, 32(6), pp.404–407. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/32/i=6/a=014?key=crossref.008853770812ea8a8d892ce42d0e7163 [Accessed April 14, 2016].

Phongdara, B., 1998. Using a computer to graphically illustrate equipotential lines. Physics Education, 33(5), pp.306–311. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/33/i=5/a=014?key=crossref.8ca341d574d16f97671f57ed62a87560 [Accessed April 14, 2016].

Raggett, M., 2000. Teaching waves with a graphing calculator. Physics Education, 35(3), pp.170–172. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/35/i=3/a=305?key=crossref.01abc9da8eba0886c56fc39f7dc35d7f [Accessed April 14, 2016].

Raggett, M., 2000. Calculated risks in education. Physics Education, 35(3), pp.169–170. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/35/i=3/a=304?key=crossref.53871a634ba34b79bb4fee4b29b78716 [Accessed April 14, 2016].

Raw, A.J., 1999. Developing A-level physics students’ mathematical skills – a way forward? Physics Education, 34(5), pp.306–310. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/34/i=5/a=306?key=crossref.df72e1d9765e1161e3ceee29db8937d7 [Accessed April 14, 2016].

Read, G.A. & Smith, T.B., 1994. The impact of algebraic computing on the teaching of physics and mathematics. Physics Education, 29(1), pp.14–19. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/29/i=1/a=003?key=crossref.5886a2f06da887ae7177bd4e9f593606 [Accessed April 14, 2016].

Reed, B.C., 2010. A spreadsheet for linear least-squares fitting with errors in both coordinates. Physics Education, 45(1), pp.93–96. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/45/i=1/a=011?key=crossref.7c033aa54359490e1aea5630069223c8 [Accessed April 15, 2016].

Roche, J., 1997. Introducing vectors. Physics Education, 32(5), pp.339–345. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/32/i=5/a=018?key=crossref.2df0f9ae533120d0989ab8dbd3f948bf [Accessed April 14, 2016].

Rodgers, G.J., 1992. From order into chaos. Physics Education, 27(1), pp.14–17. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/27/i=1/a=003?key=crossref.1a58882180a4967d135286bc98debaab [Accessed April 14, 2016].

Rutter, P., 1994. The effect of studying A-level mathematics on performance in A-level physics. Physics Education, 29(1), pp.8–13. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/29/i=1/a=002?key=crossref.c71958efaeb245b3f69b855a6dc4612b [Accessed April 14, 2016].

Saayman, R., 1991. A diagnosis of the mathematical and scientific reasoning ability of first-year physics undergraduates. Physics Education, 26(6), pp.359–366. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/26/i=6/a=005?key=crossref.4aa90787f1f5726f6b73640aac2f703d [Accessed April 14, 2016].

Sahu, S., 2011. Model of radioactive decay using dice. Physics Education, 46(3), pp.255–256. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/46/i=3/a=F08?key=crossref.66051188056c07d72f6447bdcf793c44 [Accessed April 15, 2016].

Teodoro, V.D., 2004. Playing Newtonian games with Modellus. Physics Education, 39(5), pp.421–428. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/39/i=5/a=005?key=crossref.291c5191f2617393e097c1ab52c7fd08 [Accessed April 14, 2016].

Wheeler, D., 2001. Calculations with whole vectors: a really easy alternative to components. Physics Education, 36(5), pp.406–409. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/36/i=5/a=306?key=crossref.5c324dc88437f88e945656a4f2918450 [Accessed April 14, 2016].

Wibig, T. & Dam-o, P., 2013. “Hands-on statistics”—empirical introduction to measurement uncertainty. Physics Education, 48(2), pp.159–168. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/48/i=2/a=159?key=crossref.08c84cb8595edb1689db5d2e50cf5c87 [Accessed April 15, 2016].

Wise, C., 2015. A practical activity for teaching the trigonometric relationship between the horizontal and vertical components of a force. Physics Education, 50(3), pp.276–278. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/50/i=3/a=276?key=crossref.5a7465831fe95b620ae722137afad93c [Accessed April 16, 2016].

Zetie, K.P., 2001. Investigating complexity using Excel and Visual Basic. Physics Education, 36(5), pp.410–414. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/36/i=5/a=307?key=crossref.527f90d7ca0c0caf592081e29cfd0b45 [Accessed April 14, 2016].

Zetie, K.P. & James, J.E.M., 2002. Extreme Value Theory. Physics Education, 37(5), pp.381–383. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/37/i=5/a=303?key=crossref.679b05f4abe1c0eb3589e32547d4eae4 [Accessed April 14, 2016].

Anon, 1998. Mathematics and Physics Post-16. Physics Education, 33(2). Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/33/i=2/a=004?key=crossref.e1ae4f730804e058195b8adb8a17fd43 [Accessed April 14, 2016].


Assessment

Adams, S., 2003. The 16th International Young Physicists’ Tournament. Physics Education, 38(5), pp.371–377. Available at: http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/0031-9120/38/5/301 [Accessed April 29, 2016].

Akrill, T.B., 1968. Unanswerable question. Physics Education, 3(6), pp.340–341. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/3/i=6/a=113?key=crossref.b90ba349af69335d444d640e9b4c9bf5 [Accessed April 18, 2016].

Allain, R., Abbott, D. & Deardorff, D., 2006. Using peer ranking to enhance student writing. Physics Education, 41(3), pp.255–258. Available at: http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/0031-9120/41/3/008 [Accessed May 3, 2016].

Allen, J.J., 1992. Science SATs at Key Stage 3: 1990 Trial and 1991 Pilot. Physics Education, 27(4), pp.182–187. Available at: http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/0031-9120/27/4/002 [Accessed April 21, 2016].

Archenhold, W.F., 1972. GCE and SCE examinations in physics Recent changes, statistics and proposed developments. Physics Education, 7(2), pp.88–96. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/7/i=2/a=308?key=crossref.49632c2b1a432d3d1ed2f43690d04fda [Accessed April 18, 2016].

Archenhold, W.F., 1972. The examining of advanced level practical physics by the Joint Matriculation Board. Physics Education, 7(2), pp.85–87. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/7/i=2/a=307?key=crossref.f9ee573aabf736fea234ea390e780001 [Accessed April 18, 2016].

Austin, L.B. & Shore, B.M., 1995. Using concept mapping for assessment in physics. Physics Education, 30(1), pp.41–45. Available at: http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/0031-9120/30/1/009 [Accessed April 22, 2016].

Bagnall, A.G., 1984. The 1984 Physics Olympiad. Physics Education, 19(6), pp.286–287. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/19/i=6/a=308?key=crossref.6405f56725ca6dd2c352973f505c86fc [Accessed April 20, 2016].

Bagno, E., Berger, H. & Eylon, B.-S., 2008. Meeting the challenge of students’ understanding of formulae in high-school physics: a learning tool. Physics Education, 43(1), pp.75–82. Available at: http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/0031-9120/43/01/008 [Accessed April 15, 2016].

Bagot, C.H., 1969. Bad question. Physics Education, 4(4), pp.252–252. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/4/i=4/a=121?key=crossref.fe3b43a94d494ebf9317aa3bf7ab1139 [Accessed April 18, 2016].

Barham, P.J., 2012. An analysis of the changes in ability and knowledge of students taking A-level physics and mathematics over a 35 year period. Physics Education, 47(2), pp.162–168. Available at: http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/0031-9120/47/2/162 [Accessed April 15, 2016].

Black, P.J., 1968. University examinations. Physics Education, 3(2), pp.93–99. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/3/i=2/a=311?key=crossref.a2580b75deff02e596be15b72966a99f [Accessed April 18, 2016].

Black, P.J. & Ogborn, J.M., 1977. The Nuffield A-level physics examination. Physics Education, 12(1), pp.12–16. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/12/i=1/a=306?key=crossref.732b52957de63429e9ba88e72de033e1 [Accessed April 18, 2016].

Black, P., 1997. Aims assessments and workplace needs. Physics Education, 32(5), pp.351–360. Available at: http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/0031-9120/32/5/020 [Accessed April 25, 2016].

Bolina, O., 1999. Difficult problems having easy solutions. Physics Education, 34(3), pp.148–149. Available at: http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/0031-9120/34/3/310 [Accessed April 26, 2016].

Bolton, J. & Ross, S., 1997. Developing students’ physics problem-solving skills. Physics Education, 32(3), pp.176–185. Available at: http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/0031-9120/32/3/018 [Accessed April 25, 2016].

Bolton, W., 1966. Practical examinations. Physics Education, 1(2), pp.137–138. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/1/i=2/a=115?key=crossref.6feadbee8ba5c6cc4701426f5a1a7b72 [Accessed April 18, 2016].

Brown, A.F., 1976. Using research papers in student assessment. Physics Education, 11(6), pp.421–423. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/11/i=6/a=005?key=crossref.224350f82bddcf4a743ae438fbb5e895 [Accessed April 18, 2016].

Burton, P.K., 1996. Nuffield Science Calculations. Physics Education, 31(4). Available at: http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/0031-9120/31/4/028 [Accessed April 22, 2016].

Calder, D.A., 1970. The feedback classroom as an aid in the teaching of physics. Physics Education, 5(4), pp.221–223. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/5/i=4/a=002?key=crossref.49695eb92c9d7603c14f55376b9d0d79 [Accessed April 18, 2016].

Chadwick, R., 1985. Correlation between physics A-levels/A-levels and degree performance. Physics Education, 20(5), pp.204–205. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/20/i=5/a=001?key=crossref.75776335275b7a7dbbe0e5c875f291a3 [Accessed April 20, 2016].

Changbin, Z., 1995. The National University Entrance Examination and its influence on secondary school physics teaching in China. Physics Education, 30(2), pp.104–108. Available at: http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/0031-9120/30/2/010 [Accessed April 22, 2016].

Chelu, C.J. & Elton, L.R.B., 1977. An item bank for multiple-choice questions. Physics Education, 12(4), pp.263–267. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/12/i=4/a=016?key=crossref.85383abc766b5594a8e43314c66bf2e6 [Accessed April 18, 2016].

Clay, R.W., 1982. The academic achievement of undergraduate women in physics. Physics Education, 17(5), pp.232–234. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/17/i=5/a=309?key=crossref.081eac7d733664e44cd0227484d52709 [Accessed April 19, 2016].

Clayton, D.G. & McClelland, G., 1978. Multiple-choice items. Physics Education, 13(5), pp.273–273. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/13/i=5/a=105?key=crossref.e542713a7a6f3b399d1c272c56f57a8a [Accessed April 19, 2016].

Crofts, C.A., 1977. Examinations in physics. Physics Education, 12(7), pp.401–402. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/12/i=7/a=005?key=crossref.4a3a930d9d23e52d1bfbadbde5c58ab2 [Accessed April 18, 2016].

Danson, R. & Black, P.J., 1977. Examinations in physics. Physics Education, 12(4), pp.208–209. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/12/i=4/a=101?key=crossref.bbed68ecdd5baac35d081fedac6bf78b [Accessed April 18, 2016].

Danson, R., 1978. Examinations in physics. Physics Education, 13(2), pp.70–71. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/13/i=2/a=102?key=crossref.fef16a30a37c10206cd805ea6b60dc2d [Accessed April 19, 2016].

Dimes, R.E., 1973. Objective tests and their construction. Physics Education, 8(4), pp.251–254. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/8/i=4/a=004?key=crossref.0162a938f35442313e39f9de53996964 [Accessed April 18, 2016].

Dobson, K., 1994. Should A-level physics go modular? Physics Education, 29(4), pp.196–199. Available at: http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/0031-9120/29/4/002 [Accessed April 22, 2016].

Dobson, K., 1988. Still investigating: twenty years of Nuffield A-level Physics investigations. Physics Education, 23(6), pp.337–340. Available at: http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/0031-9120/23/6/ [Accessed April 21, 2016].

Duder, J.C. & White, G.R., 1971. A reliable multiple choice test marking system. Physics Education, 6(3), pp.165–166. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/6/i=3/a=315?key=crossref.cdf1e8319a4d80efece069eb97e71070 [Accessed April 18, 2016].

Dynan, M.B.C. & Kempa, R.F., 1977. Teacher-based assessment of practical work in sixth-form physics. Physics Education, 12(6), pp.364–369. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/12/i=6/a=312?key=crossref.d704cb8dfb783e75c1245585ea2aa9d9 [Accessed April 18, 2016].

Elton, L.R.B., 1968. Success and failure in university physics courses. Physics Education, 3(6), pp.323–329. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/3/i=6/a=309?key=crossref.94d50a0d3a502abb46d500ae7aa4e946 [Accessed April 18, 2016].

Emmett, K., Klaassen, K. & Eijkelhof, H., 2009. Fast feedback in classroom practice. Physics Education, 44(3), pp.246–252. Available at: http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/0031-9120/44/3/ [Accessed May 4, 2016].

Erickson, T. & Ayars, E., 2005. Fake papers as investigation prompts. Physics Education, 40(6), pp.550–555. Available at: http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/0031-9120/40/6/007 [Accessed April 29, 2016].

Fairbrother, B., 1986. Perspectives on the assessment of practical work. Physics Education, 21(4), pp.200–203. Available at: http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/0031-9120/21/4/001 [Accessed April 21, 2016].

Fairbrother, R.W., 1972. The changing scene of examinations at A level. Physics Education, 7(4), pp.203–211. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/7/i=4/a=002?key=crossref.07eb8e3732f7ef64349b1bc240107fbc [Accessed April 18, 2016].

Fairbrother, R.W., 1977. Profiles in examinations. Physics Education, 12(1), pp.29–32. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/12/i=1/a=311?key=crossref.8d2600e023a0197d5c7c3a0698438134 [Accessed April 18, 2016].

Fairbrother, R.W., 1985. Profiles, criteria and the GCSE. Physics Education, 20(3), pp.105–106. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/20/i=3/a=306?key=crossref.c6d70c191ed3279603dcc7463ed63b3a [Accessed April 20, 2016].

Farrell, M.P., 2001. Physics, writing and attainment. Physics Education, 36(1), pp.40–43. Available at: http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/0031-9120/36/1/307 [Accessed April 26, 2016].

Foong, S.K. & Lim, C.C., 2010. Can you tell the density of the watermelon from this photograph? Physics Education, 45(4), pp.352–355. Available at: http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/0031-9120/45/4/004 [Accessed May 4, 2016].

Forrest, G.M., 1977. Constructing objective tests. Physics Education, 12(1), pp.24–26. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/12/i=1/a=309?key=crossref.ceb2983c6bb73f80ea946b0f7b73e0d9 [Accessed April 18, 2016].

Gioka, O., 2006. Assessment for learning in physics investigations: assessment criteria, questions and feedback in marking. Physics Education, 41(4), pp.342–346. Available at: http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/0031-9120/41/4/009 [Accessed May 3, 2016].

Goldring, H. & Osborne, J., 1994. Students’ difficulties with energy and related concepts. Physics Education, 29(1), pp.26–32. Available at: http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/0031-9120/29/1/006 [Accessed April 22, 2016].

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Transit of Mercury

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Scott, R. et al., 2013. Measuring the depth of an impact crater using an internal shadow. Physics Education, 48(4), pp.520–528. Available at: http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/0031-9120/48/4/520 [Accessed May 7, 2016].

Scott, R. & Toalster, G., 2002. How to make an impact with planetary science. Part I. Physics Education, 37(5), pp.407–411. Available at: http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/0031-9120/37/5/307 [Accessed May 7, 2016].

Simaan, A., 2004. The transit of Venus across the Sun. Physics Education, 39(3), pp.247–251. Available at: http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/0031-9120/39/3/001 [Accessed May 7, 2016].

Varieschi, G.U., 2008. Eight and a half minutes. Physics Education, 43(1), pp.68–74. Available at: http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/0031-9120/43/01/007 [Accessed May 7, 2016].

Anon, 2010. People. Physics Education, 45(5), pp.545–547. Available at: http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/0031-9120/45/5/M02 [Accessed May 7, 2016].

Anon, 2004. Reviews. Physics Education, 39(3), pp.301–307. Available at: http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/0031-9120/39/3/M04 [Accessed May 7, 2016].

Anon, 2004. People. Physics Education, 39(3), pp.298–300. Available at: http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/0031-9120/39/3/M03 [Accessed May 7, 2016].

Anon, 2001. PEOPLE. Physics Education, 36(4), pp.345–347. Available at: http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/0031-9120/36/4/604 [Accessed May 7, 2016].

Gregorcic, B., 2015. Exploring Kepler’s laws using an interactive whiteboard and Algodoo. Physics Education, 50(5), pp.511–515. Available at: http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/0031-9120/50/5/511 [Accessed May 7, 2016].


Electric Circuits

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Ericson, T.J. et al., 1968. The concepts of potential difference, voltage and E.M.F. I. Physics Education, 3(5), p.1. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/3/i=5/a=001?key=crossref.48d61cd3a22cefd2f6901c6da41ce62b [Accessed November 25, 2016].

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French, M.M.J., 2014. Power sprouts. Physics Education, 49(3), pp.275–276. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/49/i=3/a=275?key=crossref.25b4be3c4d82648fa5838afd7df94392 [Accessed November 26, 2016].

Gayther, D.B. et al., 1971. The electron. Physics Education, 6(6), p.3. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/6/i=6/a=003?key=crossref.aaa2d438b6875e0d4cba577c27effc7e [Accessed November 2, 2016].

Girwidz, R. et al., 2007. The clamp-on ammeter—a tool for understanding electricity. Physics Education, 42(1), pp.93–97. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/42/i=1/a=013?key=crossref.b3122f6d1bec15701e73e930d7e80be6 [Accessed November 25, 2016].

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Hong, S.-I., 2010. Successfully mapping the U-tank to an electric circuit. Physics Education, 45(4), pp.322–323. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/45/i=4/a=F01?key=crossref.79d801615b447fd645a01a327c097edc [Accessed November 25, 2016].

Johnstone, A.H. et al., 1978. The concept of electrical resistance. Physics Education, 13(1), p.319. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/13/i=1/a=319?key=crossref.01a5980fb62868367cc8d8b07cff3012 [Accessed November 2, 2016].

Kaltakci, D., 2013. What does equation I = V / R mean to students? Physics Education, 48(3), pp.279–280. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/48/i=3/a=F03?key=crossref.5a4a957c7c0faed04e759d7550733bc1 [Accessed November 26, 2016].

Kamata, M. et al., 2012. Hand-drawn resistors and a simple tester using a light-emitting diode. Physics Education, 47(6), pp.741–746. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/47/i=6/a=741?key=crossref.5e35a2a733ae43bbf32a1e23e1e23eea [Accessed November 25, 2016].

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Kamata, M. et al., 2002. Practical research using a new ammeter with a clamp-on probe in science classes in junior high school. Physics Education, 37(6), pp.521–525. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/37/i=6/a=310?key=crossref.655c52615b69beb5105bb92a5cfa11e2 [Accessed November 24, 2016].

Keighley, H.J.P. & McKim, F.R., 1973. Current as a flow of electrons. Physics Education, 8(6), p.115. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/8/i=6/a=115?key=crossref.96250e42288cf00f3dab1ed2908a7efa [Accessed November 2, 2016].

Kibble, B. et al., 1999. How do you picture electricity? Physics Education, 34(4), pp.226–229. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/34/i=4/a=310?key=crossref.09d32d6aa4b8c36d41157b9a71e0b74c [Accessed November 10, 2016].

Latey, C., 1988. Determination of mean drift conduction electron velocity in a conductor. Physics Education, 23(1), p.8. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/23/i=1/a=008?key=crossref.03a6799a714180a165762054e0ff05cd [Accessed November 10, 2016].

Leinonen, R. et al., 2016. Hidden circuits and argumentation. Physics Education, 51(6), p.65018. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/51/i=6/a=065018?key=crossref.c4a1972b71fa89ddb23dad2e5d163074 [Accessed November 26, 2016].

Licht, P. et al., 1991. Teaching electrical energy, voltage and current: an alternative approach. Physics Education, 26(5), pp.272–277. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/26/i=5/a=003?key=crossref.a987cad56240e74882a4de3b2e44974a [Accessed November 10, 2016].

Lowry, C., 2003. Teaching electricity. Physics Education, 38(5), pp.380–383. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/38/i=5/a=402?key=crossref.580f5327b82def82d91d031330e901d4 [Accessed November 24, 2016].

Maloney, D.P. et al., 1985. Charged poles? Physics Education, 20(6), p.9. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/20/i=6/a=009?key=crossref.a43995a88c65dd2077ade3babe95f45a [Accessed November 10, 2016].

Maloney, D.P. et al., 1986. Rule governed physics – current in a series circuit. Physics Education, 21(6), p.4. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/21/i=6/a=004?key=crossref.4e9b5862b5be7ad111dba1a3dcb75b3d [Accessed November 10, 2016].

Marshall, R., 2003. Pencil leads: 20 project ideas. Physics Education, 38(2), pp.94–96. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/38/i=2/a=401?key=crossref.567a3ab78509c9317bee551658095310 [Accessed November 24, 2016].

McIldowie, E., A, B.H. & E, M., 1998. Teaching voltage-current relationships without Ohm’s law. Physics Education, 33(5), pp.292–295. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/33/i=5/a=011?key=crossref.75a852e48074e2e6eb44b901682c2194 [Accessed November 10, 2016].

Monk, M., 2002. Introducing electricity 1: kitchen apparatus and doing science. Physics Education, 37(4), p.405. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/37/i=4/a=405?key=crossref.511508f7d8f4d48234e608705cd5ea07 [Accessed November 24, 2016].

Monk, M., 2002. Introducing electricity 2: electricity, laws, theories and physics. Physics Education, 37(5), pp.427–429. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/37/i=5/a=404?key=crossref.4c194e388ccfdd881fae0a13e88143f8 [Accessed November 24, 2016].

Morton, N. et al., 1979. An introduction to the Poynting vector. Physics Education, 14(5), p.4. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/14/i=5/a=004?key=crossref.8b1f9691a14e2c567d1cee78322022ee [Accessed November 3, 2016].

O’Sullivan, C.T. et al., 1980. Ohm’s law and the definition of resistance. Physics Education, 15(4), p.9. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/15/i=4/a=009?key=crossref.a6b4ba6011770c48f536859cae395562 [Accessed November 3, 2016].

Parton, C. & Spurgin, C.B., 1982. Definition of the ampere. Physics Education, 17(6), p.101. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/17/i=6/a=101?key=crossref.c3944d1526f864a846f4d981ed773a00 [Accessed November 3, 2016].

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Poon, C.H. et al., 1986. Teaching field concept and potential energy at A-level. Physics Education, 21(5), p.10. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/21/i=5/a=010?key=crossref.fa3f63ab902346c8f67695837959bcc8 [Accessed November 10, 2016].

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Rose-Innes, A.C., Sayer, M. & Oliver, B.K., 1974. `Electron flow’. Physics Education, 9(1), p.120. Available at: http://stacks.iop.org/0031-9120/9/i=1/a=120?key=crossref.83ecff5f8ea82fdde3688218a3683d17 [Accessed November 2, 2016].

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